Sources are passenger lists. This webpage has been set up to help deal with the difficulties of finding these records. Naples is the capital of Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy. The final stretch to the ship could only be taken during ebb tide, when water from the arm of the Weser flowed toward the North Sea. This was due in part to large passenger carrying steamships. It stressed a heart-felt conversion, reading the Bible, personal prayer, and living a holy life. Hamburg, located on the Baltic Sea, was a port used by emigrants from southern and eastern Germany. Russians to America 1834-1897 includes Russians, Finns, Poles and Germans from Russia Dutch Immigrants in U.S. Ship Passenger Manifests 1820-1880 (books or online database) Registers of Vessels Arriving at the Port of New York 1789-1919 lists of New York ship arrivals by name of ship and date of arrival (no passengers … This wave of emigration was caused by economic hardships and religious persecutions after the Thirty Years' War. The German Pietists Mennonites and Amish made up only about 5000 of the German immigrants. And what a way it was! German Immigrants The same ships carrying in excess of 700 emigrants would only have been allowed by law to carry 500 slaves. Related FamilyTree.com genealogical blogs: Michigan Death Certificates. One couldn’t sit upright in the upper compartment, or berth, which was located at the sides, with trunks and baggage filling the center of the dark, windowless hold. The odors aboard these immigrant ships were so foul that people on land claimed they could smell them coming. Updated, Europe's largest and most modern theme museum on the topic of emigration and winner of the prestigious award, FamilySearch - Germany, Bremen Passenger Departure Lists, 1904-1914 Passenger Lists available from the GG Archives from the Port of Naples, Italy. The ports of Europe were already strained and the immigrant ships of the 1840s could barely handle the sheer numbers of people seeking refuge on foreign shores, the approximate size of an immigrant ship being only 124 x 20 x 15 feet. Few such lists have survived and can be found within various collections. Once they left land, they sailed into the North Sea and on to the English Channel, then out into the Ocean. A German immigrant landing in Baltimore in the 1840s would likely have gone from there to Columbia, Pennsylvania and taken a horse drawn canal boat until he arrived in Harrisburg if he were going west. There are no comprehensive nominal lists of immigrants arriving in Canada before 1865. Moreover, twice as many passengers departed from Bremen as from Germany's second busiest port for emig… Some poorer emigrants had to reach Bremen by foot. Many cards are not in sequence. Wars in Europe and America had slowed the arrival of immigrants for several decades starting in the 1770s, but by 1830 German immigration had increased more than tenfold. A child under eight was counted as half an adult, with half rations, and infants were not counted at all. Many had never even set foot out of their small villages before, and just making this step was in itself a life-changing experience. Many German immigrants arrived at the port of Galveston. A description of the. Between 1847 and 1854, the port of Philadelphia ranked 4th in terms of immigration, receiving 4.4 percent of immigrants arriving in … Modernization caused a shift in traditional jobs leading many Germans to leave the country during the late 19th century. During the 1700s, there was an influx of German and Scots-Irish immigrants, many of whom arrived as indentured servants or “redemptioners” and stayed in the city to work off the cost of the passage. Most of these originally settled in the Cape Colony, but were absorbed into the Afrikaner and Afrikaans population, because they had religious & ethnic similarities to the … In Germany, Bremen had … When World War I began in August, 1914, the U.S. government seized the ship, which happened to be laid up in New York harbor. These are index cards, arranged alphabetically by place of last residence and then by surname, of German emigrants, based upon the Bremen Passenger Lists. This made Bremen a leader in the emigration trade for all of central Europe, and the Bremen shipping industry was prospering by consequently importing American goods to Germany, tobacco and flour from Baltimore and tobacco, cotton and sugar from New Orleans. German immigrants on the steerage deck of the immigrant ship Friedrich der Grosse. Cooking grates were set up on deck for steerage passengers who had to take turns using them in order to prepare a meal and they had to provide their own food. Once in Bremerhaven, many emigrants prayed for their safety in the port city’s beautiful old churches until they set sail. Non-German immigrants are … In North America, the Germans from Russia were attracted to the great prairies, which were not unlike the steppes of Russia where they had been farming for generations. A project with the Bremen Chamber of Commerce and the Bremen Staatsarchiv. The new harbor of Bremerhaven received its first customer in 1830, the American schooner. The usual facility in steerage consisted of a few buckets with privacy screens. The German American population of 58 million breaks down demographically as follows: 39 percent live in the Midwest, 25 percent in the South, 19 percent in the West, and 17 percent in the Northeast. In the 1840s, a steam-powered tugboat towed barges to the mouth of the river, shortening the journey to a day. It contains the following: a list of immigrant vessels that arrived between the years of 1865 and 1896 arrival and departure data passenger list availability (citations included) transcribed passenger lists taken from newspaper accounts and souvenir passenger lists (alternative sources) an index of surnames listed on the passenger lists available from alternative sources. German language immigrants began arriving in Canada over 300 years ago from the region that is now Austria, Germany and Switzerland. Canada’s main source of Germans was Russia — especially from the Volga, the Black Sea coa… Religious groups often settled … In 1847, crowded passage in ‘steerage’ from Bremen to America started at $16.00, a hefty sum to many. Then, anchoring overnight, the next day would still be spent on water until they arrived near the port toward evening and anchored again. For some countries, such as Austria, the arrangement is chronological by departure date, with names grouped alphabetically by ship name for that date. All Rights Reserved. The first leg of an emigrant’s journey would have been the trip to Bremen itself by train or in a coach. The Polish ports of Gdańsk (Danzig) and Szczecin (Stettin) were primarily freight ports. The primary port of arrival for early immigrants was Philadelphia and many Germans chose to settle in Pennsylvania. 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