Source: Canadian Centre For Occupational Health And Safety, Return to the Safety Questions and Answers page, (Tel) 709-368-9000 | (Toll Free) 1-800-561-0043 | (Fax) 709-368-1256. Contains gas under pressure; may explode if heated. Ammonia: health effects, incident management and toxicology Information on ammonia (also known as hydrogen nitride), for use in responding to chemical incidents. When transporting anhydrous ammonia, be sure to adhere to the following precautions and safety rules: Running Gear: Regularly inspect the wagon’s frame tongue, reach poles, anchor … The accidental chemical release was caused by a ruptured hose during a transfer of the product between a storage tank and a tanker vehicle. A colourless gas with a sharp, penetrating, intensely irritating odour and a colourless liquid under pressure, it is not considered a flammable gas. How to reduce the risks To reduce the potential for injury or disease, you need to control the risks and hazards in your workplace. Make sure valves on gas cylinders are fully opened when gas is used. Table 2: Occupational Health & Safety Standards. Acute exposure can cause eye and respiratory irritation, coughing, and wheezing. The key provision of process safety management is process hazard analysis (PHA) - a … 3 Effective date : 12.31.2014 Page 1 of 7 Ammonia Created by Global Safety Management, Inc. -Tel: 1-813-435-5161 - www.gsmsds.com SECTION 1 : Identification of the substance/mixture and of the supplier Product name : Ammonia Manufacturer/Supplier Trade name: Numerous cases of fatal ammonia exposure have been reported, but actual exposure levels have not been well documented. Post "NO SMOKING" signs. Ammonia use is widespread, from commercial to residential applications. Inhalation of ammonia can cause severe irritation of the nose and throat, and life-threatening accumulation of fluid in the lungs (pulmonary oedema). Knowing the health and safety hazards of anhydrous ammonia are vital to ERPs. Protective measures are needed to ensure the safety of those working with NH3 and any people who live, work, or … Key Hazards. Published 1 July 2014 Identification Product identifier: AMMONIA SOLUTION Other means of identification Product No. As the chemical plume behaves as if it is heavier-than-air, the risk of exposure to humans is greater compared to some other gases. Never perform any welding, cutting, soldering, drilling or other hot work on an empty vessel, container or piping until all the ammonia has been cleared. Harmful if inhaled. How long for ammonia gas to dissipate? Unprotected persons should avoid all contact with this chemical, including contaminated equipment. Ammonia 001003 Synthetic/Analytical chemistry. Chronic exposure may harm the respiratory system; coincidently, long-term damage may result from severe short-term exposure. Search the HHE database for more information on chemical topics. They are distinguished by varying degrees of severity of toxic effects. DANGER: Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. The frequency and commonality of ammonia increase the risk of accidental release. The duration and behaviour of a chemical plume are dependent on many factors. 2.4. Ammonia is fatal to humans in large concentrations; lower levels of exposure can result in significant damage to the skin, oral cavity, and respiratory system. Related NIOSH Resources. Other hazards Other hazards not contributing to the classification : Contact with liquid may cause cold burns/frostbite. Flammable and toxic vapors may spread from leak and could explode if reignited. Precautionary Statements: P260,P264,P271,P273,P280,P312,P310,P321,P363 P391,P301, + P330 + P331.P303 + … Safe Management of Ammonia Refrigeration Systems –May 2017 in Grantham Slide 16 10. OSHA eTool. Ammonia is colourless, acrid smelling, high water-soluble gas at room temperature, also referred to as anhydrous (“without water”) ammonia. Do not use with incompatible materials such as oxidizing agents (e.g., nitrogen oxide), halogens (e.g., chlorine, fluorine) and heavy metals (e.g., mercury, silver). Ammonia is a toxic gas under ambient conditions. Anhydrous ammonia (NH3) is a hazardous chemical and must be dealt with carefully. CORROSIVE, COMPRESSED GAS. Symptoms may develop hours after exposure and are made worse by physical effort. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board Safety Bulletin No. Access your free infographic on the safety and health hazards of ammonia. Knowing what anhydrous ammonia is, as well as its health and safety risks, is critical. These include the volume released, ambient temperature, time of day, relative humidity, wind direction and speed, terrain, natural and urban barriers and environmental absorption factors such as dense and sparse foliage. Practice good housekeeping. When liquid anhydrous ammonia is released into the atmosphere from its pressurised container it expands rapidly. This safety training video pays close attention to the dangers of anhydrous ammonia … Ammonia contaminates food. Specific Hazards Arising from the Chemical: Heat from fire can cause a rapid build-up of pressure inside cylinders. The concentration in air that is immediately dangerous to life and health (IDLH) is 300 parts per million (ppm). Industrial accidents involving ammonia can result from several scenarios, including overpressure, seal leaks, and loss of container integrity. If ammonia is released, immediately put on a suitable respirator and leave the area until the severity … Ammonia has a distinct and irritating odor when it is released, so your nose is usually the first … However, a large and intense energy source may cause ignition and/or explosion. Do not heat compressed gas cylinders. Ammonia Hazards and Safety/Handling Standards and Guidance . Ammonia gas is a severe respiratory tract irritant. Instability 0: Normally stable, even under fire conditions. Workers in all industries should know that, despite its common usage, ammonia poses health risks and hazards that require proper use of personal protective equipment (PPE) and safe use and handling procedures. The dual hazard of ammonia. Mixing bleach and ammonia creates a toxic gas called chloramine, which can hurt your lungs and even cause death in high concentrations. Technical guidance . It is a COMPRESSED GAS and a confined space explosion and toxicity hazard. In summary, the AEGL levels demonstrate the potential health experiences of the general population for the airborne concentration of a substance: Source: Environment Protection Agency: https://www.epa.gov/aegl/ammonia-results-aegl-program. Chemical Safety Data: Ammonia (gas) Common synonyms . Applications of its use range from manufacturing (production of plastics, fibres, and other chemicals), agriculture (as a fertiliser), and consumer-related (food additive, cleaning agent, or refrigerant). There is a formal written program for ammonia safety at this … International Chem Safety Card; Ammonia: AMMONIA (ANHYDROUS) NFPA 704. For safety management, use Hazcards and other resources on the CLEAPSS website. Vapors can be ignited by pilot lights, other flames, smoking, sparks, heaters, electrical equipment, static discharge, or other … The symptoms of pulmonary edema (tightness in the chest and difficulty breathing) may not develop for 1-24 hours after an exposure. Providing a well-considered, detailed description of a suitable and sufficient FSA within safety case will enable operators to provide evidence of: Personnel safety is of course of utmost importance. Keep cylinder valves clean and free from contaminants (particularly oil and water). Material Safety Data Sheet Product name AIRGAS INC., on behalf of its subsidiaries 259 North Radnor-Chester Road Suite 100 Radnor, PA 19087-5283 1-610-687-5253 Product use MSDS … Easily liquefied under pressure.] Suitable Extinguishing Media: Carbon dioxide, dry chemical powder, appropriate foam, water spray or fog. May form explosive mixtures with air. For large-scale handling operations use non-sparking ventilation systems, approved explosion-proof equipment and intrinsically safe electrical systems in areas of use. It is very important to keep areas where this material is used clear of other materials which can burn (e.g., cardboard, sawdust). Ammonia, at standard temperature and pressure, is a colourless gas with a characteristic pungent odour that is lighter than air. In fertilizer industry the drive is on to reduce costs by cutting downtime, increasing operational reliability and efficiency while meeting the legislative requirements. The tool was designed to raise awareness of the hazards and risk control measures and provides additional educational and training material about ammonia safety in the industrial refrigeration industry. Follow handling precautions on Material Safety Data Sheet. At 500 ppm, immediate and severe irritation of nose, and throat occurs. In 2018, the American Association of Poison Control Centres reported over 4,500 cases of ammonia exposure. For example, liquefied ammonia has an expansion ratio of approximately 850 to 1. The ‘Hazard classification and labelling’ section shows the hazards of a substance based on the standardised system of statements and pictograms established under the CLP (Classification Labelling and Packaging) Regulation. Each level expresses the airborne concentration (ppm or mg/m3) of a substance across five exposure periods (10 min, 30 min, 1 h, 4 h, and 8 h). Ammonia is also found in many household and industrial cleaners. Widely used in agricultural, manufacturing and refrigeration, ammonia can become a severe hazard if accidental release, leaks, or transportation incidents occur. Student Safety Sheets are teaching materials. Ammonia can be mixed with water and sold as ammonium hydroxide, or used in compressed gas as anhydrous ammonia (meaning without water). Engineering controls, proper training, protective equipment requirements and personal hygiene measures are essential. Inhalation: Inhaling ammonia gas can cause breathing problems, wheezing or chest pain. Fire will produce irritating, corrosive, and toxic gases. Practice Safety when Handling Anhydrous Ammonia (PDF) Anhydrous Ammonia Safety Tips (PDF) Personal protective equipment. Technical Safety BC has been working closely with industry to improve refrigeration systems safety, raising awareness around the risks presented by ammonia equipment. Ammonia can be mixed with water and sold as ammonium hydroxide, or used in compressed gas as anhydrous ammonia (meaning without water). Before connecting the cylinder for use, make sure that back feed from the system into the cylinder is prevented. Bringing together leaders from industry and public safety organizations with hundreds of years of combined experience, ASTI provides safety … The reason ammonia is considered a hazardous chemical is that it is corrosive to the skin, eyes, and lungs. Ammonia has an alkaline corrosiveness and exothermic properties; when concentrated, it erodes tissue upon contact. Anhydrous ammonia – used in manufacturing, refrigeration and agriculture – is a pungent, colorless and toxic gas or liquid that, when concentrated, is corrosive to human tissue upon contact, according to NIOSH. Suomen Kylmäyhdistys ry. Diamond Hazard Value Description; 1 3 0 Health 3: Can cause serious or permanent injury. Exposure to ammonia occurs as a result of accidents during transport, accidental releases at manufacturing facilities, and farming accidents. Sign up for more information about MineARC. As a gas, ammonia irritates and burns the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract. Ammonia is a health hazard—it is corrosive to the skin, eyes, and lungs. Comply with applicable regulations. High airborne concentrations can be ignited and pose a significant fire and explosion hazard, especially in a confined space. Petrochemical companies working with ammonia and anhydrous ammonia must be aware of the risk of an accidental release and toxicity. Move cylinders by hand truck or cart designed for that purpose. 2010-13-A-AL, (January 2015). Keep aisles and exits free of obstruction. members of the public) is not put at risk from the release of ammonia. Do not use cylinders as rollers or for any other purpose than to contain the gas as supplied. A: Ammonia is widely used as a refrigerant gas, as well as in the fertilizer industry. Ammonia Hazards and Safety/Handling Standards and Guidance . Shut flow off at cylinder valve and not just at the regulator after use. For safety management, use Hazcards and other resources on the CLEAPSS website. Use the appropriate pressure regulator. The risk of harmful ammonia exposure to humans can occur during professional or personal use. The primary U.S. regulations for ammonium nitrate are “OSHA 29 CFR 1910.109(i) – Storage of Ammonium Nitrate”, and the Memorandum of “Guidance on the Ammonium Nitrate Storage Requirements in 29 CFR 1910.109(i)” published in 2014 after the Adair Grain Inc., DBA West Fertilizer Company explosion in 2013. Nose and throat irritation may be noticed at concentrations as low as 24 ppm after 2-6 hours exposure. It can also decompose at high temperatures forming hydrogen gas. OSHA, (November 9, 1998). We Provide: Process Safety Management Programs, Risk Management Programs, Homeland Security Registration Assistance, Process Hazard Analysis, Compliance Audits, Program Review, Emergency Response Training, Piping & Instrumentation Diagrams, Written Standard Operating Procedures, Mechanical Integrity Audits and Onsite Training Classes tailored to your Ammonia … When transporting ammonia by road or rail, additional safety precautions are required as it is classified under the Australian Dangerous Goods Code (ADG Code). May also be an EXPLOSION HAZARD, especially in confined spaces. Noteworthy, however, the diligent enforcement of the safety rules and … Details of the supplier of the safety data sheet Manufacturer Company Name: Avantor Performance Materials, Inc. Do not open a damaged cylinder. : 3226, 3248, 5905, 9736, 9726 Recommended use and restriction on use Recommended use: Not available. the control of hazards from ammonia releases. 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